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Welcome to another edition of our weekly health presentation on health and beauty 102 WhatsApp platform

Today’s topic is ARTHRITIS… A gradual maiming Ailment

ARTHRITIS… The Maiming Ailment we cannot hide 

Types, Causes, Risk factors and corrective measures using Therapeutic Nutrition will be addressed.

Health care is dynamic and the need to Partner with nature can no longer be overlooked.

Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. 
It can affect one joint or multiple joints.

There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. 

Two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
The symptoms of arthritis usually develop over time, but they may also appear suddenly.

Arthritis is most commonly seen in adults over the age of 65 but it can also develop in children, teens, and younger adults. 

Arthritis is more common in women than men and in people who are overweight.


The most common signs and symptoms of arthritis involve the joints. Depending on the type of arthritis, signs and symptoms may include:





⭕Decreased range of motion

What causes arthritis?

In order to better understand what is going on when a person suffers from some form of arthritis, let us look at how a joint works. 

Basically, a joint is where one bone moves on another bone. Ligaments hold the two bones together.

The ligaments are like elastic bands, while they keep the bones in place your muscles relax or contract to make the joint move.

Cartilage covers the bone surface to stop the two bones from rubbing directly against each other. 

The covering of cartilage allows the joint to work smoothly and painlessly.

A capsule surrounds the joint. The space within the joint – the joint cavity – has synovial fluid. Synovial fluid nourishes the joint and the cartilage. The synovial fluid is produced by the synovium (synovial membrane) which lines the joint cavity.

If you have arthritis something goes wrong with the joint(s). What goes wrong depends on what type of arthritis you have.

It could be that the cartilage is wearing away, a lack of fluid, autoimmunity (your body attacking itself),
infection, or a combination of many factors.

Types of arthritis

There are over 100 types of arthritis. Here is a description of some common ones, together with the causes:

1. Osteoarthritis– cartilage loses its elasticity. If the cartilage is stiff it becomes damaged more easily. The cartilage, which acts as a shock absorber, will gradually wear away in some areas. As the cartilage becomes damaged tendons and ligaments become stretched, causing pain. Eventually, the bones may rub against each other causing very severe pain.

2. Rheumatoid arthritis – this is an inflammatory form of arthritis. The synovial membrane (synovium) is attacked, resulting in swelling and pain. If left untreated arthritis can lead to deformity. Rheumatoid arthritis is significantly more common in women than men and generally strikes when the patient is aged between 40 and 60. However, children and much older people may also be affected. Swedish scientists published their study in JAMA in October 2012, explaining that patients with rheumatoid arthritis have a higher risk of blood clots in the first ten years after diagnosis.

3. Infectious arthritis (Septic arthritic) – an infection in the synovial fluid and tissues of a joint. It is usually caused by bacteria, but could also be caused by fungi or viruses. Bacteria, fungi or viruses may spread through the bloodstream from infected tissue nearby and infect a joint. Most susceptible people are those who already have some form of arthritis and develop an infection that travels in the bloodstream.

4. Juvenile Rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) – means arthritis that affects a person aged 16 or less. JRA can be various forms of arthritis; it basically means that a child has it. There are three main types:

a. Pauciarticular JRA, the most common and mildest. The child experiences pain in up to 4 joints.

Polyarticular JRA affects more joints and is more severe. As time goes by it tends to get worse.

c. Systemic JRA is the least common. Pain is experienced in many joints. It can spread to organs. This can be the most serious JRA.

5. Gout is a metabolic disorder that affects uric acid homeostasis, leading to uric acid crystal buildup in tissues. Deposits in joints and related tissue can lead to the inflammation and pain of arthritis.

6. Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes widespread musculoskeletal pain and other symptoms such as fatigue and sleeps disturbance.
The mechanism of disease onset is not known.

More on symptoms of arthritis

The symptoms of arthritis depend on the type of arthritis, for example:

Osteoarthritis- The symptoms develop slowly and get worse as time goes by. There is a pain in a joint, either during or after use, or after a period of inactivity. There will be tenderness when pressure is applied to the joint. The joint will be stiff, especially first thing in the morning. The patient may find it harder to use the joint – it loses its flexibility. Some patients experience a grating sensation when they use the joint. Hard lumps or bone spurs may appear around the joint. In some cases, the joint might swell. The most common affected joints are in the hips, hands, knees, and spine.

Rheumatoid arthritis – occurs when the body’s immune system attacks the tissues of the body. These attacks affect the synovium, a soft tissue in your joints that produces a fluid that nourishes the cartilage and lubricates the joints. The patient often finds the same joints in each side of the body are painfully swollen, inflamed, and stiff. The fingers, arms, legs, and wrists are most commonly affected. Symptoms are usually worst on waking up in the morning and the stiffness can last for 30 minutes at this time. The joint is tender when touched. Hands may be red and puffy. There may be rheumatoid nodules (bumps of tissue under the skin of the patient’s arms). Many patients with rheumatoid arthritis feel tired most of the time. Weight loss is common.

The smaller joints are usually noticeably affected first. Experts say patients with rheumatoid arthritis have problems with several joints at the same time. As arthritis progresses it spreads from the smaller joints in your hands, wrists, ankles, and feet to your elbows, knees, hips, neck, shoulders, and jaw.

Infectious arthritis– The patient has a fever, joint inflammation, and swelling. He will feel tenderness and/or sharp pain. Often these symptoms are linked to an injury or another illness. Most commonly affected areas are the knee, shoulder, elbow, wrist, and finger. In the majority of cases, just one joint is affected.

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis – The patient is a child. He will experience intermittent fevers which tend to peak in the evening and then suddenly disappear. His appetite will be poor and he will lose weight. There may be blotchy rashes on his arms and legs. Anemia is also common. The child may limp or have a sore wrist, finger, or knee. A joint may suddenly swell and stay larger than it usually is. The child may experience a stiff neck, hips or some other joint.

Risk factors for developing arthritis are as follows

� Family history. Individuals with a family history of arthritis are at a greater risk of inheriting the genetic and environmental factors that lead to disease susceptibility.

� Obesity Overweight individuals are at a greater risk of developing osteoarthritis of the knee.

� Joint injury Previous joint injury increases the chance of acute arthritis in the affected joint.

� Age and gender The risk of some types of arthritis increases with age. Rheumatoid arthritis is more prevalent in women, while gout is more prevalent in men.

� Infection. Some microbes can target the joints and eventually cause arthritis.

� Overuse Repetitive movements for many years, overtraining or exercising without enough rest between workouts are risk factors.

� Rheumatoid arthritis could develop as a result of a reaction to gut-related problems (like leaky gut syndrome or food allergies) and other factors like high amounts of stress and toxicity.

� Having other health problems like diabetes or an autoimmune disorder can raise your risk for arthritis

Diagnosing Arthritis

Arthritis diagnosis often begins with a primary care physician, who performs a physical exam and may do blood tests and imaging scans to help determine the type of arthritis.

An arthritis specialist, or rheumatologist, should be involved in the diagnosis is uncertain or if arthritis may be inflammatory. 

Orthopedic surgeons do joint surgery, including joint replacements. When arthritis affects other body systems or parts,
When cartilage between bones and joints wears down, the bones rub together rather than giving them the protection and cushion they need. 

Cartilage is made up of collagen and other substances that make connective tissue both flexible and strong.

Cartilage covers the ends of bones where they meet the joints — and deterioration over time can affect the shape and functionality of the joints, making it painful and difficult to carry out everyday tasks.

Treatment might involve:


non-pharmacologic therapies

physical or occupational therapy

splints or joint assisted aids

patient education and support

weight loss

surgery, including joint replacement

The most common type of treatment for arthritis is pharmaceutical drugs 

Those that are most often prescribed are analgesics 

These drugs are used to treat only the pain, but not the underlying causes of arthritis.

Not only do these medications pose many potential side effects, but they can also be very addicting

The FDA requires a label warning of risks associated with these prescriptions, including heart attack, stroke, and stomach bleeding. 

These strong pain relievers contain narcotics that lower pain by blocking receptors on nerve cells but don’t treat inflammation and have high rates of dependency.

Correction Through Therapeutic Nutrition

There are currently a number of corrective options available for Arthritis sufferers, ranging from supplements to changes in lifestyle.

1. Reach and Maintain a Healthy Weight

Additional body fat strains joints, but accumulated fat itself can also cause problems to joints that are already sensitive and partially damaged. Fat does more than just sit on your body — it’s also an active tissue that creates and releases hormones and chemicals. Some of these promote inflammation and can contribute to worsening arthritis all over your body.

Moreover, the bones don’t increase with weight after maturity. Bones are made to carry heavier loads with an increase in weight.


You can now see the effect of the excess baggage on the joints

We can help you lose 4 to 9KG in 9days. This will help your joints a lot.
in the image above.

2. Improve Your Diet

Dr Ononunuju…a medical practitioner

Foods for helping treat arthritis include:

Omega-3 foods:

Omega-3s are powerful at lowering inflammation and also Lubricating the joints. When Omega 3 is combined with Omega 9, the results are amazing.

Foods high in sulfur: 

Sulfur contains a form of methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) that reduces joint inflammation and helps rebuild your tissues/cartilage. MSM has been shown in studies to lower pain 

Glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfate (two naturally occurring substances found in the cartilage)

Hyaluronic Acid (HA) is a special protein that our bodies produce to lubricate and cushion our joints and muscles, as well as to ensure adequate skin hydration. As we age, our bodies produce less and less HA. With less HA, our joints can lose their natural lubrication, and our skin appears rough and dry.

Ginger Oil contains chemicals that may have analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects on the body. In research studies, ginger has been shown to lessen pain associated with arthritis and improve overall digestive/gut health. 

Tumeric is known to be one of the most powerful natural anti-inflammatories there is. The potential anti-arthritic effects of turmeric include inhibition of joint inflammation, reduction in edema and/or swelling and slowed periarticular joint destruction.

Calcium needed to maintain proper bone structure and function. Take note, the body may not absorb calcium if there is a magnesium deficiency

Aloe Heat Lotion

A warming agent for aches, painful joint and sprains.

Can be helpful for headaches (apply small amounts to the temples).

Bronchial and respiratory problems (massage on to the chest and back).


People with arthritis tend to be less active than those without arthritis, likely due to the pain they feel when exercising and moving stiff body parts. However, physical activity is important for joint health.  

Selected(specific) Exercise is beneficial for strengthening the muscles around the affected joint, which provides added support and less strain.

Arthritis Diet

If you’re wondering which foods aggravate arthritis, here’s a list of what not to eat if you have arthritis:

⭕ Excess sugar: Excess sugar in the diet has been linked to increased inflammation in a number of studies. In fact, the Arthritis Foundation warns that research has shown us that processed sugars trigger the release of inflammatory messengers called cytokines in the body.

⭕ Hydrogenated oils and trans fats: Definitely stay away from fried foods, fast foods, margarine, processed snacks, unhealthy coffee creamers, and conventional baked goods to avoid trans fats and hydrogenated oils.

⭕ High omega 6 oils: In addition to hydrogenated oils, you’ll also want to avoid inflammatory-increasing oils that are too high in omega 6’s rather than having a healthy balance of both omega 6 and omega 3. I’m talking about oils like soybean, cottonseed, corn, and canola oil. These inflammatory oils should all be avoided. 

Conventional grains: I recommend avoiding overly processed and gluten-heavy conventional grains that may increase inflammation and make arthritis symptoms worse. Super refined white flour products like bagels and rolls are some of the offenders that should be cut out of your diet

⭕ Artificial sweeteners: Avoid artificial sweeteners, especially aspartame. I also recommend avoiding sucralose, acesulfame K, saccharin, and sorbitol.

⭕ MSG: Another one of the worst ingredients that I recommend avoiding is MSG. The Arthritis Foundation also specifically instructs avoiding mono-sodium glutamate (MSG) if you have arthritis because “this chemical can trigger two important pathways of chronic inflammation, and affect liver health.” MSG can be commonly found in fast food, prepared soup and dressings, as well as deli meats, Have Also seen in some seasoning like Maggi, etc

If you’re following an arthritis diet, you want to stay completely away from these offending foods if you want to start improving your symptoms as soon as possible.

In addition, if you have sensitivities or you have severe autoimmune disease, sometimes nightshade vegetables contribute to arthritis symptoms as well so you’ll want to remove those as well. According to the Cleveland Clinic, “This food group can aggravate the pain and inflammation of arthritis. It includes tomatoes, white potatoes, eggplant, pepper, paprika, and tobacco.

Friends… Arthritis is a Maiming ailment that cannot be hidden but it can be completely reversed if you act early enough and long enough.

My aunt is a Living testimony. In her words “Today, l have more Freedom in my joints at age 66 than I had at age 45. Though I didn’t act early enough, when I started consistent and regular use of these recommendations, corrected it permanently. I still follow the rules”

The supplements aim to actually help the root causes of health problems holistically rather than supply remedies that will give temporary or partial relief from only the symptoms.

Be bold enough to walk away from ailing past and enjoy a new you

This another episode of our weekly Health and Beauty 102 WhatsApp platform health presentation…
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