Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)- Enlarged Prostate

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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Also known as Enlarged Prostate, this post will be talking about the General informational on enlarged prostate and its symptoms, causes, treatments and when to see a doctor.

Overview for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

The prostate is a small, muscular gland in the male reproductive system. Your prostate surrounds your urethra and makes most of the fluid in your semen. The muscular action of the prostate helps propel the fluid and semen through your penis during sexual climax. In many men, the prostate can become enlarged. Sometimes it leads to symptoms and, over time, other complications. However, there are treatments.

What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia BPH?

Enlargement of the prostate is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It occurs when the cells of the prostate gland begin to multiply. These additional cells cause your prostate gland to swell, which squeezes the urethra and limits the flow of urine. BPH is not the same as prostate cancer and doesn’t increase the risk of cancer. However, it can cause symptoms that can affect your quality of life. 1 in 4 men show symptoms by age 50, and a total of 37 million men in the U.S. can relate.

Causes of BPH Enlarged Prostate

When you take into account that the prostate gland is located just below the bladder at the site where the urethra connects, you can start to see how this can become a serious issue. The enlarged prostate begins to interfere with the urethra, the tube inside the penis that carries urine and semen out of the body. The pressure can block the natural flow of urine (and semen) causing irritation. If left untreated, this condition can lead to more serious problems.

There is not a consensus among physicians on exactly why the prostate begins to grow again, though it is widely speculated that an excess of certain hormones may be the catalyst. One study has shown a high correlation between DHT levels (dihydrotestosterone) in the blood and enlarged prostates. Conversely, men with low DHT levels do not experience enlarged prostates.

Estrogen has also been linked to prostate enlargement. As men age, less testosterone is found in the bloodstream creating a larger proportion of estrogen. High levels of estrogen have been documented as a marker for this condition as well.

One important thing to note: just because you have a larger prostate does not necessarily mean you will suffer.  As with real estate, it’s all about location, location, location. The position in relation to the urethra is more important than the actual size.

Symptoms of BHP Enlarged Prostate

Enlarged Prostate

Symptoms of an enlarged prostate include:

  • finding it difficult to start peeing

  • straining to pee

  • having a weak flow of urine

  • “stop-start” peeing

  • needing to pee urgently and/or frequently

  • needing to get up frequently in the night to pee

  • accidentally leaking urine (urinary incontinence)

  • incomplete bladder emptying

  • dribbling at the end of your urinary stream

  • the need to strain when urinating

  • a sudden urge to urinate

  • a slowed or delayed urinary stream

  • painful urination

  • blood in the urine

Talk to your doctor if you have any of these symptoms. They are treatable, and often treating them can help prevent complications.

While these are most common, you may have an enlarged prostate and still not experience any of these.  It’s safe to say that after the age of 40, you will want to start protecting and taking good care of your Prostate, to put it in perfect state.


If you find it useful please share to create awareness and save lives.




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