Mrs Loko: discussing with hubby about her plan for tomorrow being Monday.
Mrs Loko picks up her phone, the voice at the other end sounds desperate
The voice: dad just slumped and we have rushed him to the hospital now, the doctor said he had stroke.
Mrs Loko: scream What! When? how did this happen?, but he was ok when I saw him last week. Can he talk?, oh my God!
The voice: No, his mouth is bent and the doctor has fixed drip for him. He was sitting in the sitting room, watching football when it happened.
Mrs Loko: Ok I will be coming home tomorrow.
Plan cancelled, quickly called her boss to take permission for a few days.
That is how she started running up and down because of her dad’s health.
? STROKE is one of the prevailing health challenges in our country today
Let’s stop STROKE before it turns another very active person to a vegetable.
Today’s discussion is going to be on Stroke; Symptoms, Causes & Remedies.
Stroke is a damage to the brain from interruption of its blood supply.
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die.
According to the World Health Organization and other leading stroke experts, stroke claims 6.2 million lives each year.
Although the incidence of stroke is in the ascendancy globally, it has assumed a frightening dimension in Nigeria where about 190,000 people suffer the ailment annually.
More worrisome is the fact that even young people are becoming very vulnerable to the disease which, before now, was only associated with the elderly.
The length of time they have been present can affect treatment options:
⭕ Trouble with speaking and understanding. One may experience confusion.
⭕ Victim may slur words or have difficulty understanding speech.
⭕ Paralysis or numbness of the face, arm or leg. You may develop sudden numbness, weakness or paralysis in your face, arm or leg.
This often happens just on one side of the body.
Try to raise both your arms over your head at the same time. If one arm begins to fall, you may be having a stroke.
Also, one side of the mouth may droop when one tries to smile.
⭕ Trouble with seeing in one or both eyes. Person may suddenly have blurred or blackened vision in one or both eyes, or you may see double.
⭕ Trouble with walking: May stumble or experience sudden dizziness, loss of balance or loss of coordination.
What complications can a stroke cause?
A stroke is a medical emergency for a reason — it can have life-threatening consequences.
The brain controls the major functions of human life.
Without blood flow, your brain can’t manage breathing, blood pressure, and much more.
Complications can vary according to the stroke type and time of treatment.
Examples of complications include:
Behavior changes: Having a stroke can contribute to depression or anxiety. Other changes may be experienced, such as being more impulsive or more withdrawn from socializing with others.
Speech difficulties: A stroke can impact areas of the brain having to do with speech and swallowing.
As a result, the victim may have difficulty reading, writing, or understanding other people when they’re speaking.
Numbness or pain: A stroke can cause numbness and decreased sensation in parts of the body. This can be painful.
Sometimes injury to the brain can also affect the ability to sense temperature.
This condition is known as central stroke pain and can be difficult to treat.
Paralysis: Because of the way the brain works to direct movement, a stroke in the right side of the brain can affect movement on the left side of the body and vice-versa. Those who’ve had a stroke may not be able to use facial muscles or move an arm on one side.
Lost motor function, speech, or swallowing abilities may be regained after a stroke through rehabilitation.
However, these can take time to regain.
The longer the complications lasts, the more difficult it is to regain abilities.
Types Of Stroke
Ischemic stroke: About 80 per cent of strokes are ischemic strokes.
This occurs when the arteries to the brain become narrowed or blocked, causing severely reduced blood flow (ischemia).
The most common ischemic strokes include:
- Thrombotic stroke: A thrombotic stroke occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in one of the arteries that supply blood to the brain. A clot may be caused by fatty deposits (plaque) that build up in arteries and cause reduced blood flow (atherosclerosis) or other artery conditions.
- Embolic stroke: This occurs when a blood clot or other debris forms away from the brain — commonly in the heart — and is swept through the bloodstream to lodge in narrower brain arteries. This type of blood clot is called an embolus.
- Hemorrhagic stroke: This occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks or ruptures. Brain haemorrhages can result from many conditions that affect the blood vessels.
⭕Uncontrolled high blood pressure (hypertension)
⭕ Over treatment with anticoagulants (blood thinners)
⭕ Weak spots in the blood vessel walls (aneurysms)
Types of hemorrhagic stroke include:
⭕ Intracerebral hemorrhage. In this case, a blood vessel in the brain bursts and spills into the surrounding brain tissue, damaging brain cells.
Brain cells beyond the leak are deprived of blood and are also damaged.
High blood pressure, trauma, vascular malformations, use of blood-thinning medications and other conditions may cause an intracerebral hemorrhage.
⭕ Subarachnoid haemorrhage: In this case, an artery on or near the surface of the brain bursts and spills into the space between the surface of the brain and skull.
This bleeding is often signaled by a sudden, severe headache.
A subarachnoid hemorrhage is commonly caused by the bursting of a small sack-shaped or berry-shaped aneurysm.
After the haemorrhage, the blood vessels in the brain may widen and narrow erratically (vasospasm), causing brain cell damage by further limiting blood flow.
Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
Sometimes known as a ministroke — is a temporary period of symptoms similar to stroke.
A temporary decrease in blood supply to part of the brain causes TIAs, which may last as little as five minutes.
Like an ischemic stroke, a TIA occurs when a clot or debris blocks blood flow to part of the nervous system — but there is no permanent tissue damage and no lasting symptoms.
We will continue from here in our next post.
So watch out for this space to see the Natural remedy to STROKE
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